UN Resolutions - Introduction
Israel, a state with a population of only 7 million people, has violated more United Nations resolutions than any other nation. Just between 1967 and 2000, the UN passed 138 resolutions regarding Israel; these resolutions often condemned acts committed by Israel, called upon Israel to follow basic international laws, and reminded Israel of previous resolutions that Israel had ignored.
Israel’s blatant disregard for international measures was apparent even before the birth of the State of Israel in May of 1948. Resolution 181, passed in November 1947, called for the partition of Palestine into two separate states. Although Israel accepted resolution 181, it was with the intent of violating it. David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister, did not agree with the borders of the Israeli state assigned in resolution 181 and stated that the borders “will be determined by force and not by the partition resolution.”
Resolution 194 met with a similar attitude. After the beginning of the Nakba campaign in 1948, during which Israel had forced 750,000 Palestinians into exile, Resolution 194 gave Palestinian refugees the right to return to their homes and live in peace with their neighbors. The measure also stipulated that Israel had to compensate the refugees for their lost land and property. This resolution is often referred to as the ‘Right of Return of the Refugees’, a right that is still being denied to 7.2 million Palestinian refugees.
Resolution 242 reminded Israel of a basic principle of international law - the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war- and asked Israel to withdraw from territories acquired during the 1967 Six Day War. Israel ignored this resolution and continued its illegal occupation of Palestine.
UN Resolution 446 conclusively states that Israeli settlements in the West Bank and Gaza are illegal. The UN Security Council resolved "that the policy and practices of Israel in establishing settlements in the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since 1967 have no legal validity…”, and reminded Israel yet again that the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention applied to the Palestinian occupied land. Israel ignored resolution 446, calling the West Bank “disputed” rather than “occupied.”
Resolution 465 reminded Israel of the provision of the Fourth Geneva Convention again and called upon Israel “to dismantle the existing settlements and in particular to cease, on an urgent basis, the establishment, construction and planning of settlements in the Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem.” This resolution has been violated on a number of occasions and the construction of settlements in Jerusalem continues to this day.
Israel’s actions indicate that the Israeli government believes itself above international reproach and above basic humanitarian laws outlined in the Geneva Conventions and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Its violation of countless U.N. resolutions and its continuing violent occupation of Palestinian land despite international condemnation show that Israel is continue its Zionist agenda of creating a primarily Jewish Palestine and that Israel does not want peace.
~ American Muslims for Palestine, 2010