Intifada is an Arabic word derived from a verb meaning "to shake off," and is the term used to describe the two major uprisings against Israeli military occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The first Intifada erupted in late 1987, after an Israeli truck rammed into a line of Palestinian workers waiting to return to the Gaza Strip, killing four, and prompting spontaneous demonstrations. The second intifada, which started in September 2000, was triggered by a visit to Al Aqsa mosque compound by former Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and about 1,000 Israeli police.
- What is an "intifada?"
- The First Intifada erupts, forcing Israel to recognize Palestinians
- The First Intifada - Historical overview
- The First Intifada - Introduction
- The Second Intifada - Introduction
- Second Intifada - International Law
- The Second Intifada - The Mitchell Report
- The Second Intifada - UN Resolution 1322