Visualizing Palestine: Living under Israeli policies in Jerusalem
[Note: This article and graphic were first published on Al Shabaka.]
East Jerusalem is considered an occupied territory. Under international law, the de facto annexation by the Israeli government is considered illegal. Throughout its occupation, Israel has enacted discriminatory legal and political policies to diminish the presence of the Palestinian population in East Jerusalem. Israel has engineered a clear governmental policy that sought to maintain a demographic balance of 60 percent Jews to 40 percent “Arabs” within the Israeli declared boundaries of the Jerusalem municipality - which it unilaterally declared as the unified capital of Israel in 1980.
The first infographic provides an overview of the discriminatory Israeli policies that target Palestinians in East Jerusalem, as well as others that seek to unlawfully increase the Israeli settler population in the city. Such measures include: the center of life policy; the 2003 Nationality and Entry Law; the absentee property law; a discriminatory building permit regime; and the law of return. Under the umbrella of all these “legal” policies, Israel is creating unbearable living conditions for the Palestinian population and is engaging in their silent forcible transfer. Punitive measures specifically targeting the Palestinian population of East Jerusalem include:
Expropriating land and property, denying building permits, and demolishing Palestinian homes in a systematic and discriminatory manner;
Severely restricting the natural development of Palestinian neighborhoods by instead facilitating the expansion of Israeli settlements in East Jerusalem;
Revoking residency status and rights of East Jerusalem Palestinians; and,
Severely restricting family (re)unification and child registration of East Jerusalem Palestinians.
In parallel to Israel’s punitive measures, Palestinians in East Jerusalem and other parts of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip are physically isolated from each other. Through imposing a comprehensive closure system on Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), Israel aims to consolidate its control over Jerusalem and attempts to completely sever it from the rest of the OPT.